Malaria facts & figures

Each year, the World Health Organization's World Malaria Report assesses global and regional malaria trends, highlights progress towards global targets, and describes opportunities and challenges in controlling and eliminating the disease. Below are some of the highlights from the most recent report.

  • Malaria can kill within 24 hours of symptom onset.1
  • There were 212 million new cases of malaria worldwide in 2015, with 90% of these cases occurring in the WHO Africa Region.2
  • In 2015, there were an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths worldwide, with 92% of these deaths occurring in Africa.2
  • Children under five are particularly susceptible to malaria illness, infection and death. In 2015, malaria killed an estimated 303 000 under-fives globally, including 292 000 children in the African Region.2
  • In 2015, it is estimated that 13 countries accounted for 75% of malaria deaths.2 The global burden of mortality is dominated by countries in sub-Saharan Africa, with Democratic Republic of the Congo and Nigeria together accounting for more than 36% of the global total of estimated malaria deaths. Four countries accounted for 81% of estimated deaths due to P. vivax malaria (Ethiopia, India, Indonesia and Pakistan).2

1. World Health Organization - malaria fact sheets

2. 2016 World Malaria Report